AccueilAccueil  PortailPortail  FAQFAQ  RechercherRechercher  S'enregistrerS'enregistrer  MembresMembres  GroupesGroupes  Connexion  

Partagez | 
 

 [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale

Voir le sujet précédent Voir le sujet suivant Aller en bas 
Aller à la page : Précédent  1 ... 5, 6, 7 ... 11 ... 16  Suivant
AuteurMessage
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Lun 23 Juin 2014 - 20:29

L'extension que les Chinois entament sur l'île de Woody, dans les Paracels, touche à sa fin - La piste de l'aéroport a été rallongée (alors qu'elle permettait déjà l'atterrissage et le décollage d'un Boeing 737), le remblaiement de l'ancienne baie artificielle...etc.

Spoiler:
 

Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Lun 23 Juin 2014 - 20:36

Jane's s'est intéressé aux travaux de remblaiement que les Chinois mènent intensivement sur tous les îlots qu'ils occupent dans les Spratleys, à l'aide du navire spécialisé TSHD (Trailing suction hopper dredger) "Tian Jing", le plus grand dans son genre en Asie et le 3ème plus grand au monde.





















Les mouvements de "Tian Jing" dans les Spratleys.



Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Mar 24 Juin 2014 - 0:01

Nouvelle vidéo diffusée par les Vietnamiens.



Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Mar 22 Juil 2014 - 23:19

Reportage CCTV sur un ingénieur militaire de la météorologie basé à Fiery Cross Reef dans la mer de Chine méridionale. Il a perdu sa vie en Février dernier en sauvant 2 de ses camarades dans un naufrage.

Fiery Corss Reef est un îlot contrôlé par la Chine dans les Spratleys, l'UNESCO a une station d'observation océanique sur l'îlot.



Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Sam 2 Aoû 2014 - 19:43

Le Japon offre 6 navires de patrouille seconde main au Vietnam.



Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Ven 8 Aoû 2014 - 18:01

La Chine continue le déploiement de son réseau d'écoute acoustique sous-marin dans la mer de Chine méridionale, et en plus de ceci, des stations de surveillance séismique ont également été déposées à 4 000m de profondeur.

http://news.sciencenet.cn/htmlnews/2014/8/300708.shtm



Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Lun 11 Aoû 2014 - 5:23

US Proposal To Smooth Tensions In South China Sea Overlooked At ASEAN Regional Forum 2014

Citation :
By Maria Gallucci
on August 09 2014 10:19 PM

A U.S. proposal to smooth disputes in the South China Sea was brushed aside by China and some Southeast Asian nations Saturday, highlighting tensions between the two superpowers over U.S. influence in the region.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry presented the plan at the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, regional forum in Naypyidaw, Myanmar, which was also attended by foreign ministers and diplomats from China, Russia, Japan and the European Union, among others.

Under Kerry’s proposal, China and ASEAN countries that have competing claims to territory in the South China Sea -- namely Vietnam and the Philippines -- would voluntarily stop aggressive actions related to the turf war, media reports said.

In the latest provocation in May, China’s state-owned oil company deployed an offshore rig in an area Vietnam claimed was in its exclusive economic zone. The action set off deadly anti-Chinese riots in Vietnam and sparked a major diplomatic row. China National Petroleum Corp., or CNPC, removed the rig in mid-July after completing its operations.

“The United States and ASEAN have a common responsibility to ensure the maritime security of critical sea, land and ports,” Kerry said in opening comments on Saturday. “We need to work together to manage tensions in the South China Sea and to manage them peacefully, and also to manage them on the basis of international law.”

The 10-member ASEAN group has generally supported U.S. suggestions on easing tensions, such as a mandatory code of conduct that establishes guidelines for responding to conflicting claims. But China has pushed back against U.S. involvement and progress on the guidelines has been slow, the Associated Press noted.

ASEAN Secretary-General Le Luong Minh said Saturday ASEAN ministers did not discuss the U.S. proposal at their meeting because the group already has a plan to restrict potentially provocative actions such as land reclamation and building on disputed lands, Reuters reported.

"It is up to ASEAN to encourage China to achieve a serious and effective implementation of this commitment, rather than ASEAN asking whether it should support or not support the [U.S.] proposal," he said.

China dismissed Kerry’s call for a voluntary moratorium and accused the United States of giving undue credence to complaints by Vietnam and Philippines.

"Currently the situation in the South China Sea is stable on the whole. There has not been any problem regarding navigation in the South China Sea," Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi told reporters.

ASEAN n'est pas intéressé par la proposition des Etats Unis sur la tension dans la mer de Chine méridionale, d'après BBC. Effectivement il y a de quoi s'en méfier...

http://www.bbc.co.uk/zhongwen/trad/world/2014/08/140809_asean_us_response.shtml

Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Lun 11 Aoû 2014 - 12:18

China Thwarts U.S. Bid to Reduce South China Sea Tensions

Citation :
By Kyaw Thu and Sangwon Yoon Aug 11, 2014 4:48 AM GMT+0200

China’s rejection of U.S. and Philippine proposals to regulate countries’ behavior in the South China Sea signaled tensions are likely to persist in one of the world’s busiest shipping lanes.

At a regional security meeting this weekend, China rebuffed a U.S. proposal for nations involved in disputes to voluntarily avoid actions that could be provocative. The proposal, and a similar measure by the Philippines at the Asean Regional Forum in Myanmar, were aimed at breathing life into stalled talks on drafting a code of conduct.

“They are not going anywhere because the Chinese don’t see any value in it,” said Richard Bitzinger, a senior fellow at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies in Singapore. “Their argument is increasingly there is no reason to do this stuff. In their mind it’s a settled issue.”

With its economic and military clout growing, China has been more aggressively asserting its claims to about 90 percent of the South China Sea, including territory claimed by Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan. The push is also fueling tensions with the U.S. as the Obama administration seeks so assert its own influence in the region.

“It’s no understatement that what happens here matters not just to this region and to the U.S. but it matters to everybody in the world,” U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said on Aug. 9 on the first day of the forum in Naypyitaw, Myanmar. “That’s why we’re encouraging claimant states to consider voluntarily agreeing to refrain from taking certain actions” that could escalate disputes, he said.

Nine-Dash Line

China’s claims are based on its nine-dash line map first published in 1947, a territory that extends hundreds of miles south from Hainan Island and takes in the Paracel Islands, which are claimed by Vietnam, and the Spratly Islands, some of which are claimed by the Philippines.

China agreed to talks on a code of conduct a year ago at a similar meeting of Asean, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, and since then little progress has been made. Asean works by consensus, something that has been lacking on the South China Sea issue.

Given the importance of Sino-Asean trade, non-claimant states may be reluctant to anger the world’s second-biggest economy. Asean expects bilateral trade with China to reach $500 billion by 2015 and $1 trillion by 2020.

Talks Stalled

“We all share the hope that Asean and China will accelerate negotiations on a meaningful code of conduct, we think the urgency of developments means that it is not enough simply to wait for that solution to arrive,” Kerry said yesterday. “Obvious dangers arise during waiting time. The claimants need to take steps now to lower the temperature.”

With the talks stalled, China has been ramping up its forays into the South China Sea. In Vietnam, anti-Chinese riots exploded in May after China placed an oil rig in waters off its coast. China has been carrying out construction on some islands and shoals claimed by the Philippines and plans to erect five lighthouses there.

Kerry said that he was pleased by language in the final communique of the meeting, calling on countries to show restraint and for disputes to be resolved through peaceful means. He said he was confident that the Myanmar meeting would lead to progress. China has repeatedly called on the U.S. to stay out of the South China Sea issue.

Kerry Scolded

“U.S. involvement is not helping because it pushes China into a corner and forces it to respond in a way to assert its claims more strongly,” said Terence Lee, an assistant professor of political science at National University of Singapore.

Tensions between the two countries were on public display in Myanmar.

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi began his Aug. 9 press briefing with Kerry by scolding the secretary of state for keeping him waiting.

“We have been here at 4:30 p.m., waiting for you for more than half an hour,” Wang said in Chinese through an interpreter, prompting an apology from Kerry.

Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Dim 17 Aoû 2014 - 9:16

La Chine continue à renforcer ses capacités logistiques vers les Spratleys. Le 10 Août, l'assemblage de la superstructure et la coque de "Sansha 1", un navire de transport cargo spécifiquement conçu pour le transport vers les Spratleys, a commencé dans le chantier naval BSIC près de Dalian.



Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Ven 22 Aoû 2014 - 12:35

Chinese drones fly over Phl ship in Ayungin

Citation :
By Jaime Laude (The Philippine Star) | Updated August 21, 2014 - 12:00am

MANILA, Philippines - Drones believed to be Chinese have been seen hovering above the Philippine garrison in the grounded BRP Sierra Madre on Ayungin Shoal, according to soldiers manning the isolated outpost.

“Since late last month and early this month, we have monitored at least three overhead passes of a kind of UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle),” a Marine said.

The military has reported increased presence of Chinese vessels in Ayungin Shoal and in other areas within Philippine territory.

The outpost had served as refuge from a storm – and a Chinese patrol – to six Japanese journalists and reporters from radio station dzRH and The STAR.

The group was on its way to Pag-Asa Island on a small fishing boat with local officials led by Mayor Eugenio Bito-onon when it encountered a Chinese patrol early this month. The Chinese tried to drive away the small boat despite the bad weather.

The soldiers said they have grown accustomed to Chinese presence in the shoal. “It’s nothing. But of course we always have to report to higher headquarters on what is happening here,” said a Marine sergeant.

Headlines ( Article MRec ), pagematch: 1, sectionmatch: 1
The soldiers said they only have binoculars to monitor the goings-on in the shoal.

Meanwhile, a former Cabinet official said that if there’s anything President Aquino should extend, it is the country’s patrol reach in the West Philippine Sea and not his term, a former cabinet official said yesterday.

Former interior secretary Rafael Alunan said the President should put an end to speculations about his seeking a second term and instead focus on protecting the country’s territorial integrity.

“All this talk and speculation of extending his term is distracting the government and the citizenry from the crucial task of defending the country’s sovereignty and resources in the West Philippine Sea,” Alunan said in a statement.

Alunan, a convenor of the West Philippine Sea Coalition which organized protests against China’s territorial intrusions, urged the Aquino administration to adopt a “clear-cut defense policy and strategy.” Such policy, Alunan said, should emphasize the need for a sustainable investment in defense.

“The Aquino administration’s procurement of additional military and naval equipment is a step in the right direction. But much more needs to be done,” Alunan, who served during the Ramos administration, said.

“Beefing up the quality and quantity of our white ship inventory should be part of a comprehensive defense buildup, free from corruption, to provide the country a credible defense shield,” he added, referring to civilian vessels.

Earlier, Aquino said he was now open to Charter change and pursuing a second term.

As the controversy over the President’s change of mind persisted, reports emerged about China’s new incursions in the West Philippine Sea.

The STAR reported early this week that China is building concrete sea barriers on a reclaimed area of the Mabini (Johnson South) Reef in the disputed Spratly Islands.

A Chinese coast guard ship also harassed a small fishing boat carrying local officials and journalists on their way to Pag-Asa Island in Palawan last Aug. 1

China is also conducting extended patrols over Recto (Reed) Bank, a potentially oil-rich area 80 nautical miles from Palawan. A source told The STAR recently that Chinese vessels were putting markers in the area, which is well within the Philippines’ exclusive economic zone (EEZ). – With Alexis Romero

Ce n'est pas forcément une information bien nouvelle, depuis 2 ans on voit régulièrement passer des articles chinois indiquant que les drones ont été utilisés dans la surveillance, la cartographie et le contrôle des îlots dans la mer de Chine méridionale.

Comme par exemple cet article publié sur le site de l'Administration SBSM chinois (State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping) qui dit que des drones de l'autonomie 30h en vol ont été testés avec succès d'abord en Mongolie intérieure mais également dans les Îles Paracels avec des images prises.

http://www.sbsm.gov.cn/article/mtbd/201407/20140700012598.shtml

http://news.carnoc.com/list/287/287224.html

http://www.chinatoprs.com/_d276627016.htm



Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Sam 30 Aoû 2014 - 0:21

La Chine continue en douceur le remblaiement dans les îlots sous son contrôle dans les Îles des Spratleys, dans la mer de Chine méridionale. C'est ce que j'appelle la stratégie du paysan...

L'îlot Hua yang, le 19 Juillet 2014

Spoiler:
 

L'îlot Dongmen

Spoiler:
 

Johnson South Reef, entre Février et Juillet 2014

Spoiler:
 

Gaven Reefs, Juillet 2014

Spoiler:
 

Fiery Cross Reef, le 29 Août 2014

Spoiler:
 

Eldad Reef, Février 2014

Spoiler:
 

Spoiler:
 

Les Philippines ont réagi, comme d'habitude, mais ce sera un effort sans vain une fois de plus...

Photos confirm China reclamation; experts hit reef degradation in Spratly

Citation :
By Nikko Dizon |Philippine Daily Inquirer1:59 am | Saturday, June 7th, 2014

‘EARTHMOVING ACTIVITIES’ A backhoe attached to a Chinese vessel is apparently scooping up some filling materials in a reclamation project while at the same time harvesting endangered species, giant clams. PHOTO COURTESY OF THE ARMED FORCES OF THE PHILIPPINES

China has reclaimed land in one of the contested reefs in the Spratly Islands, and this time, the defense department is not the only one expressing concern, but Filipino scientists as well.

They have expressed alarm over China’s activities on the contested reefs in Spratly Islands, citing environmental degradation that could adversely affect the country’s population, with “diseases, scarcity of resources and conflict.”

The military has taken photographs of China’s ongoing reclamation activity on Malvar Reef in February, with the pictures showing a backhoe attached to a Chinese vessel that, scientists said, was presumably used to gather filling materials and harvest giant clams.

On Thursday, President Benigno Aquino III said Chinese ships had been monitored moving around other reefs in the West Philippine Sea, possibly to reclaim land in Gavin Reef (Gaven Reef) and Calderon Reef (Cuarteron Reef).

Defense spokesperson Peter Galvez confirmed that China had reclaimed land on Malvar Reef (Eldad Reef), which lies northeast of Mabini Reef (Johnson South Reef), where China had previously reclaimed land.

“It’s called ‘earthmoving activities’ and there’s quite a lot going on in the [West Philippine Sea] that we are monitoring,” Galvez told the Inquirer on the phone.

The defense spokesperson said China’s reclamation activities were especially worrisome not only because of the ongoing territorial dispute in the West Philippine Sea, but also because of its impact on the environment.

“The environment is an integral component of a state,” so environmental issues are considered security issues, according to professor Charithie Joaquin of the National Defense College of the Philippines.

“A state must be able to protect its territory and ensure that its citizens enjoy the benefits of the natural resources within its territory,” Joaquin told the Inquirer in an e-mail.
Environmental degradation could adversely affect the population, with “diseases, scarcity of resources and conflict,” she added.

“A sickly population impedes economic growth and drains much-needed resources. Scarce resources, such as water or strategic minerals, could also lead to conflict or exacerbate existing tensions,” Joaquin said, adding that “the consequences of nonsustainable use of natural resources could be irreversible, impacting not just the current generation but generations to come.”
“Because of interconnected ecosystems, the impact oftentimes transcends borders,” she added.

Scientists at the University of the Philippines Marine Science Institute (UP MSI) are just as alarmed at China’s relentless harvesting of giant clams, considered endangered species, and corals in the West Philippine Sea.

Fish feed on reefs

One of the country’s foremost experts in marine life conservation, professor emeritus Edgardo Gomez of UP MSI, noted that one-fifth of the fish that Filipinos consume come from the West Philippine Sea, and move around or feed on reefs. Without the reefs, depleted fish productivity is a possibility, he added.

“If you destroy everything, there won’t be any source of food [for the fish],” Gomez explained.

Based on the February 2014 photograph of Malvar Reef, MSI deputy director for research professor Perry Aliño said the backhoe apparently served a dual purpose: to get filling materials for the reclamation and to harvest giant clams.

“[China was] not only collecting the shells but the substrate as well,” he said. A substrate is the base where an organism lives.

Land reclamation effectively destroys the reef and its surroundings, which would have a long-term impact on the environment, said Aliño, who coauthored one of the most definitive books on Kalayaan Islands, a result of an in-depth research conducted by UP MSI.

Reefs play an important role in maintaining biodiversity in the West Philippine Sea, the scientist said, adding that dredging in the reefs would eventually destroy and weaken their framework.
Natural breakwaters

The destruction of the reefs near Pagasa Island in Palawan province could bring bigger waves to the only island in the Kalayaan Island Group, where a small community lives, because reefs serve as ripraps or natural breakwaters that could reduce the force of incoming waves, Gomez said.

The Philippine military has monitored Chinese poachers using dinghies to routinely harvest giant clams (Tridacna gigas), an endangered species of clams, as well as corals and other clam species.

Some 30 to 45 dinghies trawl for giant clams and corals in areas in the West Philippine Sea, like Ayungin Shoal, Pagasa Island, Tizard Bank and reefs, Union Banks and reefs and Hasa-Hasa Shoal, and store their catch in the vessels’ huge cargo hold.

The clams, used for food or decorative purposes, are reportedly sold in the black market in Hainan province in China, with clam shells fetching from
$13 (P567) to $750 (P33,000).

Aliño explained that clams grow on top of each other, such that when they are harvested by dredging, even the fossilized clams are collected.

“They are getting depleted, which would make them more valuable,” he said. “The clams need to be restocked. [But] if they are restocked clams, then they are more valuable because there is already an investment in terms of putting them back.”

Restocking program

The UP MSI has a restocking program for cultured clams for the past 30 years, a brainchild of Gomez who hand-carried the microscopic specimens of giant clams from Solomon Islands that the UP MSI laboratory used for their first cultured giant clams.

The cultured clams are then distributed to different parts of the country, although not a substantial number has been sent to Kalayaan Island Group.

Clams cultured at UP MSI Bolinao Marine Laboratory in Pangasinan province have been brought to Panatag Shoal or Bajo de Masinloc in Zambales—and most likely already harvested by the Chinese.

Gomez said it was about time that the government had a “game plan” that would not only protect the territory but also conserve natural resources.

Gomez said it was time for the government to “support blue water oceanography that will help our scientists do research on our [Exclusive Economic Zone] and show the [Philippine] flag.”
“If we have research vessels going out to [Kalayaan Island Group], Scarborough Shoal, the east coast of the Philippines … we are [at least] showing our presence,” he added.

Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Jeu 11 Sep 2014 - 0:45

Un documentaire de BBC sur les travaux entamés par les Chinois dans la mer de Chine méridionale.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/special/2014/newsspec_8701/index.html

Le reportage fait un focus sur les travaux chinois, mais n'a pas donné d'information sur les travaux similaires des pays voisins, il serait intéressant d'avoir cette vue globale.

Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Sam 13 Sep 2014 - 9:37

Un reportage de BBC sur les travaux de remblaiement et d'agrandissement des îlots dans la mer de Chine méridionale.



Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Dim 14 Sep 2014 - 12:00

On sait que la Chine a démarré des travaux de remblaiement et d’agrandissement des îlots dans les Spratleys depuis quelques temps, mais à part quelques reportages spécialisés des médias étrangers, on apprend peu de ces travaux chez les médias chinois.

Un Chinois qui s'occupe des systèmes de dessalement de l'eau de mer a posté quelques photos de son passage sur Cuarteron Reef dans les Spratleys, l'un des 8 îlots contrôlés par la Chine dans la région.

Il raconte que le remblaiement était toujours en cours sur cet îlot en Juillet et la superficie était 3 fois d'un terrain de foot. La condition de vie sur Cuarteron Reef est très difficile, notamment au niveau de l'eau douce. "Je n'ai pas pris une seule douche pendant plus de 10 jours".

La situation s'est nettement améliorée quand le système de dessalement a été installé et mis en route. Jusqu'à présent l'armée demande les navires cargos passés dans la zone de ravitailler les îlots qui n'ont pas de source de l'eau douce, or parfois ce n'est pas suivi par les capitaines qui préfèrent donner de l'eau non portable du ballast au lieu de l'eau portable, surtout quand la condition météorologique est mauvaise.

A noter que, la Chine contrôle actuellement 8 des 50 îlots dans les Spratleys. Le Vietnam contrôle 28 îlots, les Philippines 7, la Malaisie 3, l'Indonésie 2, et le Taïwan 1.

Les photos que ce Chinois a posté sur un forum :















Remblaiement de sable pour agrandir un îlot.



Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Sam 20 Sep 2014 - 13:11

La Chine continue à accélérer les travaux d'agrandissement des îlots sous son contrôle dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale.

L'évolution de Johnson South Reef dans les Spratleys

Spoiler:
 

L'évolution de Gaven Reef dans les Spratleys

Spoiler:
 

Dans le Fiery Cross Reef, en 3 mois l'îlot a atteint 0,2 km² de superficie, mais l'agrandissement est toujours en cours. La 2ème image représente le projet final.

Spoiler:
 

Spoiler:
 

Un nouveau navire de travaux de remblaiement est mis en opérationnel et est parti dans les Spratleys il y a quelques jours.

Spoiler:
 

Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Dim 21 Sep 2014 - 9:12

Un reportage de CCTV sur les îles contrôlées par la Chine dans les Paracels, dans la mer de Chine Méridionale.



Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Dim 21 Sep 2014 - 21:14

L'envoi de la plateforme de forage mobile chinoise "Océan 981" dans les Paracels avait provoque des incidents à la fois diplomatique et paramilitaire dans la région entre la Chine et le Vietnam, mais ces forages ont porté aussi ses fruits économiques - Grâce aux données récoltés, la Chine découvre un énorme gisement de gaz naturel dans la zone.

Et contrairement au Vietnam qui n'a pas ses propres moyens d'exploitation et est obligé de s'associer avec les sociétés étrangères, principalement occidentales, la Chine est capable de l'exploiter seul, et c'est ce qu'elle a prévu de faire.

Les affaires de ce genre ne vont que se multiplier dans un futur proche.



Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Dim 28 Sep 2014 - 22:58

The Next South China Sea Crisis: China vs. Indonesia?

Citation :
Scott Bentley
September 24, 2014

As Indonesian president-elect Joko Widodo, also known as Jokowi, prepares officially to begin his term later next month, there remains a degree of uncertainty regarding the future policy settings of his administration both at home and abroad. One thing, though, seems increasingly clear: momentum is building toward the realization of Indonesia’s long-dormant potential to emerge as a maritime power.

The vision of Indonesia as a “global maritime nexus” (poros maritim dunia) gained prominence during the presidential campaign and seems set to become a central focus of the upcoming Jokowi administration. While Indonesia’s emergence as a maritime power is by no means assured—it will face many challenges ahead—we may be witnessing the dawn of a new era in Indonesian history.

The precise details of that maritime vision remain a work in progress, but some preliminary observations can be made. The foundation of the “global maritime nexus” concept is primarily economic: it seeks to increase maritime connectivity and thus economic equality between the various Indonesian provinces. That argument has been convincingly advanced by Faisal Basri, a leading economist and member of Jokowi’s expert team on the economy. Yet according to Basri, the vision of Indonesia as a maritime power isn’t limited to the economic dimension alone, and can also contain a security or defense function, including the protection of state sovereignty.

While Jokowi hasn’t spoken at any length on his own vision of the concept, the vision and mission statement he submitted during the campaign prioritized the protection of Indonesia’s maritime interests. The public statements that Jokowi has made on the issue have repeatedly touched on that priority, specifically the problem of illegal fishing.

In comments made earlier this month and published in the local Indonesian press, Jokowi stated that it was necessary to act decisively against foreign fishing vessels in order to prevent the continued theft of Indonesian resources. “If we do not act decisively, our fish will be stolen by foreign ships,” Jokowi was quoted as saying. Such comments indicate that he may not be as disengaged on foreign policy matters as some have expected; in fact he may be more assertive on certain priorities.

The issue of illegal fishing by foreign vessels is likely to prove a pivotal challenge for Jokowi’s administration, and will almost certainly create tension with another emerging maritime power—China. China is hardly the only country whose fishermen are operating illegally in Indonesian waters. But it’s the only one whose fishermen are directly supported if not encouraged by the coercive power of its state security services at sea.

China’s expanded presence in disputed areas of the South China Sea is increasingly bringing its fishermen, and its maritime security organizations, into direct contact and often confrontation with those of Indonesia. While the Indonesian foreign ministry continues to maintain there’s no dispute between China and Indonesia, China’s actions suggest otherwise.

A number of incidents have occurred in the area since 2010, resulting from what ultimately proved to be unsuccessful attempts by Indonesian security forces to prosecute Chinese fishermen operating illegally within Indonesia’s claimed EEZ. Those efforts to assert Indonesian jurisdiction in its claimed EEZ are beginning to form a pattern of persistent failure, a pattern which, if left unaltered, may eventually compromise Indonesia’s military deterrent posture in those areas, as well as the legal basis for its claims.

The most recent of those incidents occurred in March of 2013. Since I first wrote about that incident late last year new details have come to light, including the apparent use of electronic-warfare capabilities by the Chinese Maritime Law Enforcement (MLE) vessel Yuzheng 310. Based on the Indonesian captain’s own reporting, as well as subsequent investigation and analysis, it now appears highly likely that during that incident Yuzheng 310 jammed the communications of the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) vessel Hiu Macan 001.

Consistent with the KKP captain’s description of events, Yuzheng 310 may have been disabling his ability to receive communications from his headquarters ashore, in an apparent effort to sever the vessel from its command and control (C2) loop. It appears likely Yuzheng 310 would have been calculating that—in combination with other coercive measures—the action would force the Indonesian captain to release his Chinese prisoners. The suite of measures had the desired effect, but might just as easily have proved dangerously escalatory had the KKP captain instead decided not to acquiesce.

Continued patrols in those areas by what is now the China Coast Guard may confront Jokowi with an early test of his leadership, possibly in a crisis scenario not dissimilar to that from March 2013. It remains to be seen whether or not the new administration is even aware of that potential contingency, let alone prepared to respond effectively.

Despite the obvious overlap between Jokowi’s focus on combating illegal fishing and the recent incidents with China in the South China Sea, it’s also unclear to what extent Jokowi is himself aware of that overlap, or the severity of the challenge it presents to his vision of Indonesia as a global maritime nexus. Addressing that challenge will require decisive leadership from the new president and his team, both domestically and abroad.

Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Dim 23 Nov 2014 - 22:22

La Chine continue ses travaux de remblaiement pour agrandir les îlots sous son contrôle dans la mer de Chine méridionale. Le plus remarquable se situe à Fiery Cross Reef.

Les travaux de remblaiement sur cet îlot ont commencé en Août 2014, cet îlot de 0,0081 km² (surface au dessus de la mer) atteint rapidement, en 16 Octobre, 0,7 km². L'image satellite du 23 Novembre montre que la surface a déjà atteint 1,37 km² et les travaux ne sont pas encore terminés.

Spoiler:
 

Spoiler:
 

Henri K.


Dernière édition par Henri K. le Lun 5 Jan 2015 - 23:29, édité 1 fois
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Dim 23 Nov 2014 - 22:23

La Chine continue ses travaux de remblaiement pour agrandir les îlots sous son contrôle dans la mer de Chine méridionale. Le plus remarquable se situe à Fiery Cross Reef.

Les travaux de remblaiement sur cet îlot ont commencé en Août 2014, cet îlot de 0,0081 km² (surface au dessus de la mer) atteint rapidement, en 16 Octobre, 0,7 km². L'image satellite du 23 Novembre montre que la surface a déjà atteint 1,37 km² et les travaux ne sont pas encore terminés.

Spoiler:
 

Spoiler:
 

Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Sam 3 Jan 2015 - 19:22

Une vidéo dont on ignore l'auteur et la date de prise montre 2 patrouilleurs des garde-côtes chinois poursuivaient un patrouilleur vietnamien, probablement dans la mer de Chine méridionale.



Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Lun 5 Jan 2015 - 23:28

Un nouveau navire de transport civil, Sansha-1, est entré en service aujourd'hui. Il sera servi pour ravitailler tous les îlots sous le contrôle chinois dans les Spratleys et les Paracels.



Un ancien militaire se rappelle encore comment les îlots étaient ravitaillés autrefois.



Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Ven 30 Jan 2015 - 23:13

Le porte-paroles du Ministère chinois de la défense indique dans la conférence de presse hebdomadaire que les travaux de remblaiement sur les îlots de la mer de Chine méridionale est tout à fait normal. Les autres pays n'ont pas à dire quoi que ce soit pour ce que la Chine fait sur son propre sol.



Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
Henri K.
Vice-amiral
Vice-amiral


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 7596
Age : 37
Ville : Toulouse
Emploi : Ingénieur
Date d'inscription : 27/02/2012

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Ven 6 Fév 2015 - 13:19

Ça remblaie, ça remblaie...

Le pire, c'est que personne ne peut rien faire contre ceci.

Spoiler:
 

Spoiler:
 

Spoiler:
 

Spoiler:
 

Spoiler:
 

Spoiler:
 

Henri K.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur https://www.youtube.com/user/hk299792458
DraniBrut
Quartier Maître 1ère classe
Quartier Maître 1ère classe


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 493
Age : 45
Ville : Dunkerque
Emploi : Chauffagiste
Date d'inscription : 04/01/2013

MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Ven 6 Fév 2015 - 16:31

Henri K. a écrit:
Ça remblaie, ça remblaie... Le pire, c'est que personne ne peut rien faire contre ceci.
Même pas grinnepisse ? bounce
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur
Contenu sponsorisé




MessageSujet: Re: [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale   Aujourd'hui à 15:13

Revenir en haut Aller en bas
 
[Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale
Voir le sujet précédent Voir le sujet suivant Revenir en haut 
Page 6 sur 16Aller à la page : Précédent  1 ... 5, 6, 7 ... 11 ... 16  Suivant
 Sujets similaires
-
» [Information] Conflits dans la Mer de Chine Méridionale
» L'obésité dans le monde. En Chine, des prévisions alarmantes !
» Mon journal de voyage en Chine (20)
» Etudier le chinois mandarin dans une Université en Chine
» Mélusine - Tome 13: Superstitions [Clarke & Gilson]

Permission de ce forum:Vous ne pouvez pas répondre aux sujets dans ce forum
Marine forum :: Les Marines du monde :: Asie :: Chine-
Sauter vers: